Reducing gender inequality is one of the commitments to the mandate vested upon INFID (International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development) to contribute towards economic, social, political, and human resource development in Indonesia. The worrisome statistics around sexual violence constitute a significant challenge in achieving gender equality. The elimination of various forms of violence, including against women and children, is one of the targets under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5.
Figures from Komnas Perempuan’s annual report and the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection’s Online Information System on the Protection of Women and Children (SIMFONI PPA) on violence against women and children have consistently shown a rising trend. Women and children are subjected to various forms and types of violence. The policies already in place to address this issue, such as the Criminal Code (KUHP), Law on Domestic Violence, and Law on Child Protection, however, focus primarily on the specific types and loci of violence against women and children. Meanwhile, countless cases of violence, especially sexual violence against women and children, remain unsolved. It is due to the absence of a proper umbrella law for dealing with these cases
The Elimination of Sexual Violence Bill (RUU P-KS) provides a comprehensive legal framework. Not only does it address the case handling process, but it also places particular attention on victims. The RUU P-KS is victim-oriented in terms of protection, case handling, recovery, and prevention. INFID finds it essential to launch a quantitative study, mainly to gauge public perceptions and support toward the Anti-Sexual Violence Bill and Law No. 16/2019 on Amendments to the 1974 Marriage Law.
The study is a collaborative effort between INFID, the Indonesia Judicial Research Society (IJRS), and the Demographic Institute of the University of Indonesia (LD UI). It was launched in 34 provinces across Indonesia from May to July 2020, involving 2.020 respondents. The chosen research methodology was a phone survey, considering the social distancing rules and restrictions following the COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia, which the first confirmed case was in March 2020.
It is INFID’s first experience in using the said methodology. Despite challenges, the survey was eventually completed. INFID hoped that this research report could be an insightful resource for policymakers and the broader public in Indonesia. It presents the latest factual data and information regarding the importance of the Anti-Sexual Violence Bill in Indonesia. We hope that the research can complement the existing knowledge on the issue, which we ultimately expect to strengthen ongoing advocacy work. We want to conclude by thanking all those involved throughout the entire process towards completing the study.
Jakarta, 30 September 2020