Working Paper: A Cross-country Report on Trends of Extremism in South and South-East Asia

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Title:

Working Paper A Cross-country Report on Trends of Extremism in South and South-East Asia

Year of Publication:

2018

Language:

English

Executive Summary:

Radicalism becomes a serious threat for diversity, peace, and democracy in Asia. Radicalist tend to have intolerant behavior towards others who hold different views and perspectives. In the higher level, they are also very likely to join violent extremist groups. Radicalism becomes a serious problem as it had affected children, teens, adults, and even government officers. The issues of radical and violent extremism are grave concerns across Asia (especially in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand). The peaceful harmony in the region, intact for decades, is now in jeopardy. Minorities are being ruthlessly targeted.

Some cases can be pointed out here: (1) Indonesia is currently facing a situation of escalating intolerance, radicalism, terrorism and violent extremism; (2) Bangladesh is facing its own blend of violent extremism, influenced by two purist Islamic movements that originated in India; (3) While the malaise of violent and non-violent extremism has been ingrained in Pakistani society for decades, the efforts to counter it are only nascent; (4) Radicalization and violent extremism are no new phenomena in Sri Lanka as throughout history episodes of violent acts have been perpetrated by groups in taking forward certain ideologies; (5) Burma has also struggled to balance pluralism and national identity even prior to its independence; (6) The wave of the armed conflict in Thailand between the Thai government and the insurgent groups who described themselves as the Patani Liberation Movement started on 4 January 2004 and continues to this day.

Full Report:

Cross-Country Reports on Extremism – Regional Summary: Summary – Cross-country Report on Trends of Extremism in South and South-East Asia – siap cetak 2019